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Wednesday, July 15, 2020 | History

3 edition of Prenatal testing: individual decision or distributed action found in the catalog.

Prenatal testing: individual decision or distributed action

Prenatal testing: individual decision or distributed action

  • 308 Want to read
  • 19 Currently reading

Published by Profil Verlag GmbH in M unchen .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Philosophy,
  • OUR Brockhaus selection

  • Edition Notes

    SeriesScience and technology studies -- 48
    ContributionsHrsg.: Wieser, Bernhard
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL19225711M
    ISBN 109783890196039

    vasive Prenatal Testing - NIPT. Minimizing invasive of the individual/fetus and mothers’ decision to detect chromosomal anomalies are also added. In the Conclusions, CC BY This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. (p. 76) CenteringPregnancy, an innovative prenatal care program, is rapidly expanding in the United States and provides _____. A. free prenatal care to low-income mothers B. in-home prenatal care by a midwife C. prenatal care in a peer group setting D. confidential prenatal care to pregnant adolescents.

    Harriet Hall, MD also known as The SkepDoc, is a retired family physician who writes about pseudoscience and questionable medical practices. She received her BA and MD from the University of Washington, did her internship in the Air Force (the second female ever to do so), and was the first female graduate of the Air Force family practice residency at Eglin Air Force Base. ing tests that were recommended to pregnant women by their practitioners. Additionally, we concentrated on the decision making process in women with abnormal screen-ing test results, of older age, with family or medical pre-disposition, with regard to their feelings and the effects of time on these feelings about invasive examinations.

    Prenatal testing of the fetus, says the report, “has provided carrier couples with an option that did not exist previously. In the past, couples who had a child with Tay-Sachs disease often found the 25 percent risk of having another affected child to be unacceptable, and decided therefore not to . The Special Issues of Testing for Prenatal Substance Exposure Several factors influence policies regarding the testing of newborns for evidence of. prenatal substance exposure. These factors include cost and privacy concerns as well as. societal, systems, and organizational values. Very few hospitals test newborns routinely.


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Prenatal testing: individual decision or distributed action Download PDF EPUB FB2

Framing prenatal testing as individual dicision and distributed action, this collection adresses the paradoxical tension between decisions that are understood to be taken autonomously and a complex medical network without which a pregnant woman would not be in a position to decide between an abortion or the continuation of her pregnancy because.

Klappentext zu „Prenatal Testing: Individual Decision or Distributed Action. “ Subject: The birth of a child is one of the most significant events in human life.

Mothers and fathers wish the best for their offspring. Health, success and a happy life. The way these hopes and desires are experienced, however, is by no means an exclusively. Prenatal Testing: Individual Decision or Distributed Action.

/ Profil Verlag / ISBN: Didelis knygų pasirinkimas ir visada gera kaina. Nemokamas pristatymas į mūsų atsiėmimo punktą arba perkant nuo 26 €. The criteria are available as a users’ checklist and are being used as a guide to developers of decision support.

The prenatal testing domain. Although built on top of a generic architecture, the current study focuses on the medical domain of prenatal testing, which is a part of the genetic consultation by: The main ethical principle in prenatal testing is the autonomous decision of the pregnant woman concerned.

However, recent developments in prenatal testing undermine this : Bernhard Wieser. You get other prenatal tests, like an ultrasound or special blood tests, at certain times during pregnancy or if you have certain problems. Some prenatal tests can help you find out if your baby has certain health conditions, like birth defects and genetic conditions.

Talk to your provider about which prenatal tests. The chapter provides reference information regarding how individual states address causes of action under the tort theories of wrongful birth and wrongful life.

The chapter concludes with a discussion of future legal issues that may affect clinical prenatal genetic testing services arising from the continued expansion of prenatal genetic. INTRODUCTION. It has been well established that a woman’s risk for having a child with Down syndrome (DS) increases with age.

For women who are 35 years old at the time of delivery, the chance of having a child with DS is ~1 inbut for women who are 40 years old at the time of delivery, the chance is ~1 in 69 [Hook et al., ].Diagnostic prenatal testing for DS has been available.

Noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT), based on the detection of cell-free fetal DNA in maternal blood, has transformed the landscape of prenatal care by offering clinical benefits (noninvasive. Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) can be used to accurately detect fetal chromosomal anomalies early in pregnancy by assessing cell-free fetal DNA present in maternal blood.

The rapid diffusion of NIPT, as well as the ease and simplicity of the test raises concerns around informed decision-making and the potential for routinization. This study aims to test whether a decision aid for prenatal testing of fetal abnormalities, when compared to a pamphlet, improves women's informed decision-making.

() of decision-making around prenatal screening. These authors show partic- ipants receiving little time for moral reflection or autonomous decision-making in. Design of the intervention. The decision aid for prenatal testing of fetal abnormalities has been developed using the three steps of the Ottawa Decision Support framework: identifying needs, providing decision support and evaluating decision support [].The need for a decision aid was identified following a literature search and by conducting focus groups with the target groups relevant to the.

The growing use of prenatal genetic screening presents a unique opportunity to assess decision-making around new methods of prenatal testing; especially as there is little available research. Most controversially, that includes an emphasis on prenatal testing. Many autistic self-advocates claim that the organization has a eugenics-based mission and its goal is an autism-free world.

The current age- and risk-based guideline for prenatal diagnosis does not maximize expected value and fails to appropriately consider individual patient preferences. For counseling purposes, how an individual values the presence and timing of fetal chromosomal information should be.

In some health systems, prenatal screening may become part of routine care, which reduces the likelihood of individual decision-making, leading to less informed choice about prenatal screening.

13 In these settings, high rates of test uptake may be achieved at the expense of informed choice for some participants. Methods for non-invasive prenatal paternity testing are disclosed herein. The method uses genetic measurements made on plasma taken from a pregnant mother, along with genetic measurements of the alleged father, and genetic measurements of the mother, to determine whether or not the alleged father is the biological father of the fetus.

Search the world's most comprehensive index of full-text books. My library. Decision Rule: we reject H 0 if Z>Z 1-α = Z = (from table D) 6. Decision: We reject H 0. Hence we may conclude that the mean systolic blood pressure for a population of African-American is greater than Text Book: Basic Concepts and Methodology for the Health Sciences.

On the basis of the first pillar of the ethical framework for prenatal screening, however, limits can be set to the morally responsible expansion of the scope of NIPT: NIPT should generate only test outcomes that are relevant to reproductive decision-making, and informed choice should be (made) possible through adequate pre-test counselling.

Information that non-invasive screens used early in pregnancy, such as maternal serum alphafetoprotein (MSAFP), may be the first step on the road to prenatal diagnosis and a possible decision about abortion.

Costs of the test and sources of reimbursement for. With increasing awareness and uptake of cancer genetic testing, the patients and their families affected by hereditary cancer syndromes will be increasingly involved in reproductive decision-making.

If prenatal genetic testing can be used for cancer screening among at-risk groups, such as prenatal genetic testing for Down syndrome screening.